Mercury retrograde – 13 August to 5 September 2017

Mercury is retrograde again and this time it is retrograde in Virgo – a sign it rules. This should be an interesting retrograde period. In Virgo Mercury is very pedantic, taking care to dot i’s and cross t’s. Detail, detail, detail. This is the important theme.
It would be very good to be extra careful about any communication that is uttered or sent out in emails, letters and or contracts. Choose words carefully and precisely. Look over all the details before signing important documents or contracts.
Check flight details and plan trips paying attention to all the details.
Look after keys and make sure you put them in a safe place so as not to displace them.
Backup all computer and phone information. It would be a real inconvenience if you lost information unnecessarily.
This is an important time to be patient and make sure you have all the information you need to make decisions. Perhaps hold off signing documents until you feel you have all the information required. This could well only happen once Mercury changes direction and goes direct again. Be patient. Delays may end up being kind to you. Don’t get frustrated if contracts are taking time to conclude. Once again it may well work in your favour.
If you lose an item, you may very well find it once Mercury goes direct again.

The ANC in crisis – what do the eclipses in Aug 2017 reveal?

The ANC was founded on 8 Jan 1912 in Bloemfontein. On that day the Sun was at 16 degrees Capricorn.

The sun refers to the identity of the organisation and the leadership. The sun is always associated with life/vitality. But these are dark days for the ANC.

There are 2 powerful eclipses in Aug 2017 – one today on 7 Aug – partial lunar eclipse and another on 21 Aug – total solar eclipse. In these 2 charts, Pluto sits at 17 degrees Capricorn. This is very difficult for the Sun in the chart of the ANC.

It reiterates the narrative that this is a crisis period for the leadership of the ANC. The identity of the organisation is also in a crisis. Pluto denotes that powerful and fundamental change is required. It indicates that the organisation needs to purge the current leadership or risk self-destruction. Fundamental change is required to move forward as an organisation. This vote of #NoConfidence in Zuma is critical at this time. It is a crisis point for those Members of Parliament as they have to consider voting with the conscience. Will the ANC members put South Africa ahead of the interests of the ANC? Do they recognise that this is a fundamental point in the history of the ANC and a time where the reset button needs to be activated?

The message is clear – to renew the ANC they need to purge the current leadership. If not they will self-destruct and only have themselves to blame.

Total Solar Eclipse – 21 Aug 2017 – President Trump and USA

This eclipse’s path will black out the entire midsection of the USA, from Oregon through to South Carolina. The path where an eclipse is total, is where it will be felt more powerfully on our planet. So this is a very significant eclipse for the USA. It is the first eclipse since 1918 that will completely black out the USA stretching from the west coast (Oregon) through to the east coast (South Carolina).

In addition this eclipse is very powerful and prominent for Donald Trump. He was born on 14 June 1946 in New York on the day of a total lunar eclipse. This indicates that his role in business and his public life will be prominent. His business and family interests are powerful in this chart.

The Sun and Moon at 28 Leo sits on Trump’s Ascendant (29 degrees) and Mars (26 degrees) and opposes his Part of Fortune (28 degrees) in his relationship house. His personal life and his relationship are in the spotlight. Mars is his chart rules his home and family life, foreign countries and legal issues too. In addition Saturn makes an aspect to the Sun opposed Moon and Nodes in his birth chart. Saturn teaches us to take responsibility for our actions – in his case his professional and business interests and his family. Saturn is a burden, it teaches lessons around limitations and restrictions. His role as President and his family life are under pressure at this time.

Total Solar Eclipse – 21 Aug 2017

Sun and Moon are conjunct at 28 Leo. Mars is also in Leo at 20 degrees. Leo is a fixed, fire sign. Mars by nature is aggressive and assertive. This collection of planets and the nodes form a trine aspect to both Saturn in Sagittarius and Uranus in Aries. These are all fire signs. There is a lot of fire energy in this eclipse. Saturn refers to society as a whole and the interests of the collective. There is an understanding that as society we need to look for a new truth, understand our responsibilities, respect others and seek justice for all. With Uranus in Aries there is a drive to find more personal freedom. Uranus is revolutionary and inventive. It strives to push beyond the boundaries of the tried and tested.
This eclipse’s path will black out the entire midsection of the USA, from Oregon through to South Carolina. The path where an eclipse is total, is where it will be felt more powerfully on our planet. So this is a very significant eclipse for the USA. It is the first eclipse since 1918 that will completely black out the USA stretching from the west coast (Oregon) through to the east coast (South Carolina).

Mercury Retrograde – May 2017

Mercury is once again retrograde from 10 April to 3 May 2017. This can be an irritating time with computer issues, miscommunication, misunderstandings and general problems when dealing with any contractual issues. There may very well be delays and it would be useful in this period to do your homework and make sure you have all the information you require. You may find that things crop up that you did not expect and as new information comes to light, different decisions need to be made and taken.
Travel disruptions could also be an issue. Make sure all travel documentation is in order. Check details – re check!

South Africa 2017 year ahead – Aries Ingress

This year the focus will be on Government, Parliament, the opposition parties, foreign policy and the economy.

Conflict is a big theme in this chart. The President is fighting for his life in Parliament. Parliament is in conflict with the President. The opposition are at war with the President. There is conflict all around and nobody is happy. Relationships are strained and there is a general level of dissatisfaction is all spheres of government. The opposition are concerned about our image in the world and they are very much with the people of SA in being concerned about the situation in government and foreign policy issues. The opposition parties need to work with the people of SA to highlight the structural problems in our economy and foreign policy.

There are likely to be disruptions in government and these will take the opposition parties by surprise. But they will also give impetus to opposition parties to tackle the problems in government head on. It is going to be a rocky road with many ups and downs and many surprises too. It describes that certain unpredictable issues could present themselves in government and the issues and consequences may not be what was expected.

The youth and the education system need to be treated as a matter of urgency and priority by Parliament, but it looks like things get stuck here and no action takes affect.

The focus of SA is on Government. President Zuma seems emboldened and will forge ahead with his own plans.

The people of SA are very concerned about foreign policy issues. The people of SA are concerned about our debt situation with other countries. Is this appropriate in the long run – these relationships? The people of SA are also very concerned about the economic outlook of the SA economy especially in the long run. There is a tightening of the economy and the long term prospects are foreboding. Foreign debt is a real concern for all. The people of SA are holding onto the fact that the judiciary can save the day.

Solar Annular Eclipse 26 Feb 2017 and the economic implications for South Africa

This eclipse takes place at 8 degrees Pisces conjunct Saturn in the SA chart – 27 April 1994. In the SA chart it relates to all financial matters affecting SA. This would include the nation’s assets and financial status, the treasury, revenue services, banks and financial institutions, the stock exchange, money markets and trade and exports.

This does not look like a positive situation for the SA economy and all matters financial. It focuses on the institutions and those holding positions of authority in this sector. Does this relate to a downgrade to junk status by the ratings agencies? Does the Rand take a pounding in the money markets? What are the implications at SARS and the Treasury? Both these institutions have been in the spotlight – one could argue for the wrong reasons. A dark cloud hangs over SARS and the ‘rouge unit’ narrative. The Treasury under Pravin Gordon have been under enormous pressure just doing their job. There has been pressure to continue to bail out the State Owned Enterprises. We know that President Zuma and Finance Minister Gordon have been at war with each other and the scandals related to the Gupta family and the State Capture report by the previous Public Protector. Both Zuma and Gordon are experiencing a Uranus conjunction to their Sun. This has created a very unpredictable period for both these men. The key periods were early May and end Oct 2016 and we know what happened at end Oct last year. The final crunch period occurs at end Feb 2017. We can expect fireworks again. This will happen at the same time as this solar annular eclipse on 26 Feb 2017.

It all points to the fact that the economy and those involved in leadership positions in our economy will be under great pressure. Things do not look positive for the SA economy in 2017 and this eclipse highlights the issues at stake. The growth rate in the SA economy is around 2% and this is not strong enough to reduce unemployment which is sitting at around 27% currently.

We need to focus on structural reform in our economy and the long term implications of any decisions taken. All decisions made will effect our image in the world and the long term prospects of the SA economy in the global arena. There is also a link between our economy and secret enemies of the nation at home and abroad. We can only hope that these elements are exposed at this time.

This eclipse is part of the Saros Series 19 South. This family of eclipses is associated with an element of pleasant surprise and a lucky break. Eclipses are felt more strongly where they are visible and this eclipse will travel through South America and West and Southern Africa. A partial eclipse will be visible in SA.

South Africa 1st Quarter 2017

The people of SA are focussed on parliament. We are in difficult place as a country. Things are described as unstable and unpredictable currently. Strikes and riots are a very real possibility. Our country needs a shake-up. We need to reinvent ourselves. We appear to be looking at new opportunities when it comes to foreign relations. It seems like our President spends most of his time this period traveling abroad. The government is focussed on the higher education sector and needs to come up with long term sustainable plans to stave off this instability in our country.

The point in the chart which represents government is conjunct Facies a very destructive star. This does not bode well for the government of the day and President Zuma. This star is associated with blindness, eye sight problems, sudden death and violence. Facies is associated with focus and in some cases the ruthless pursuit of goals. It can also be associated with cruelty and war. This star was prominent in Hitler’s chart, also Margaret Thatcher.

The media are a thorn in the side of government. Government seem intent on setting the agenda and continues to fuel news with propaganda. The media will find it difficult to uncover the truth. There are powerful influences within government deliberately abusing the power of the media and its influence. The police and military appear to be abusing their power and influence too. This is worrisome if state power is abused to suppress. The workers want government to deal with issues they face in the work place. Workers are also sick and tired of those in power abusing their positions and influence. Workers are undecided if they are with government or not. The jury is out. There could be a split in the ruling party with labour finding a new home. Generally transport and telecommunications are a real concern.

The youth are focussed on higher education and taking the president/government to task on this matter. It seems like other foreign countries have a great deal of influence on/in Parliament and equally Parliament is looking abroad for answers and support. Parliament is very focussed on the our financial status, the banks and treasury. It is working hard to convince foreigners to invest in our country. There is interest from foreign countries in matters dealing with land, farming and mining.

Corruption and lies are a theme in the first quarter and we may find it hard to uncover the truth. Can we trust our relationships with other foreign countries? Do we fully understand the nature of these dealings? The welfare institution like prisons and hospitals are under enormous pressure and the institutional integrity is dissolving before our eyes. These institutions are literally and figuratively falling apart. Substance abuse is rife is prisons and these folks are totally disillusioned.

What we also need to factor is during this quarter is that in 2016 the leadership of the ANC came under enormous pressure with Pluto conjunct Sun (Feb/June and Dec 2016). In addition Zuma and Gordon were both in difficult and unpredictable territory with Uranus conjunct Sun in their birth charts (May/Oct 2016 and Feb 2017). This cycle is not yet complete for both Zuma and Gordon and it remains to be seen what transpires in Feb 2017 when this cycle completes. But we can expect some wild and crazy times towards end Feb 2017 again. Uranus is an unpredictable planet and does things quickly, takes one by surprise and often pulls the carpet from under our feet. Although we don’t have birth times for either Zuma or Gordon the sun is symbolic of your identity and as leaders we can expect some dramatic changes in this period.

The Great Depression – 1931 to 1934

The Great Recession – the period post the financial and sub-prime mortgage crisis of 2007/08/09

I am very interested in this concept of history repeating itself. We use this term in our everyday language. When one reflects on historical events, themes do seem to repeat over time. Why is that? Because planetary cycles repeat themselves over time. What got me thinking about this was the current global economic situation.
When one looks back in history to the Great Depression, there had been a few years of recession prior to the stock market crash on 24th October 1929. Then the world entered another period of recession which lasted 43 months. It was only after this time that the period in history called the Great Depression began. The years 1932 to 1933 were classified as the Great Depression. During this time the USA also went off the Gold Standard. Wealth evaporated, many banks were forced to close and unemployment increased to record levels.

This period in history is characterised by the planetary cycle of transiting Uranus squaring transiting Pluto. This cycle began in June 1931 and ended in Feb 1934 (using a 1 degree orb) and was the most prominent planetary cycle in the years of the Great Depression.

I wanted to get a good understanding of what went down in history during this time so that we could have a better understanding of current times.

Below are extracts from the website to expand on the historical events of this time.

US Stock Market Crash on 24 October 1929
During the mid- to late 1920’s, the stock market in the United States underwent rapid expansion. It continued for the first six months following President Herbert Hoover’s inauguration in January 1929. The prices of stocks soared to fantastic heights in the great “Hoover bull market,” and the public, from banking and industrial magnates to chauffeurs and cooks, rushed to brokers to invest their surplus or their savings in securities, which they could sell at a profit. Billions of dollars were drawn from the banks into Wall Street for brokers’ loans to carry margin accounts. The spectacles of the South Sea Bubble and the Mississippi Bubble had returned. People sold their Liberty Bonds and mortgaged their homes to pour their cash into the stock market. In the midsummer of 1929 some 300 million shares of stock were being carried on margin, pushing the Dow Jones Industrial Average to a peak of 381 points in September. Any warnings of the precarious foundations of this financial house of cards went unheeded.

Prices began to decline in September and early October, but speculation continued, fuelled in many cases by individuals who had borrowed money to buy shares—a practice that could be sustained only as long as stock prices continued rising. On October 18 the market went into a free fall, and the wild rush to buy stocks gave way to an equally wild rush to sell. The first day of real panic, October 24, is known as Black Thursday; on that day a record 12.9 million shares were traded as investors rushed to salvage their losses. Still, the Dow average closed down only six points after a number of major banks and investment companies bought up great blocks of stock in a successful effort to stem the panic that day. Their attempts, however, ultimately failed to shore up the market.

The panic began again on Black Monday (October 28), with the market closing down 12.8 percent. On Black Tuesday (October 29) more than 16 million shares were traded. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost another 12 percent and closed at 198 — a drop of 183 points in less than two months. Prime securities tumbled like the issues of bogus gold mines. General Electric fell from 396 on September 3 to 210 on October 29. American Telephone and Telegraph dropped 100 points. DuPont fell from a summer high of 217 to 80, United States Steel from 261 to 166, Delaware and Hudson from 224 to 141, and Radio Corporation of America (RCA) common stock from 505 to 26. Political and financial leaders at first affected to treat the matter as a mere spasm in the market, vying with one another in reassuring statements. President Hoover and Treasury Secretary Andrew W. Mellon led the way with optimistic predictions that business was “fundamentally sound” and that a great revival of prosperity was “just around the corner.” Although the Dow Jones Industrial Average nearly reached the 300 mark again in 1930, it sank rapidly in May 1930. Another 20 years would pass before the Dow average regained enough momentum to surpass the 200-point level.

Many factors likely contributed to the collapse of the stock market. Among the more prominent causes were the period of rampant speculation (those who had bought stocks on margin not only lost the value of their investment, they also owed money to the entities that had granted the loans for the stock purchases), tightening of credit by the Federal Reserve (in August 1929 the discount rate was raised from 5 percent to 6 percent), the proliferation of holding companies and investment trusts (which tended to create debt), a multitude of large bank loans that could not be liquidated, and an economic recession that had begun earlier in the summer.

The Great Depression Begins: The Stock Market Crash of 1929
As consumer confidence vanished in the wake of the stock market crash, the downturn in spending and investment led factories and other businesses to slow down production and construction and begin firing their workers. For those who were lucky enough to remain employed, wages fell and buying power decreased. Many Americans forced to buy on credit fell into debt, and the number of foreclosures and repossessions climbed steadily. The adherence to the gold standard, which joined countries around the world in a fixed currency exchange, helped spread the Depression from the United States throughout the world, especially in Europe.

The Great Depression Deepens: Bank Runs and the Hoover Administration
Despite assurances from President Herbert Hoover and other leaders that the crisis would run its course, matters continued to get worse over the next three years. By 1930, 4 million Americans looking for work could not find it; that number had risen to 6 million in 1931. Meanwhile, the country’s industrial production had dropped by half. Bread lines, soup kitchens and rising numbers of homeless people became more and more common in America’s towns and cities. Farmers (who had been struggling with their own economic depression for much of the1920s due to drought and falling food prices) couldn’t afford to harvest their crops, and were forced to leave them rotting in the fields while people elsewhere starved.

In the fall of 1930, the first of four waves of banking panics began, as large numbers of investors lost confidence in the solvency of their banks and demanded deposits in cash, forcing banks to liquidate loans in order to supplement their insufficient cash reserves on hand. Bank runs swept the United States again in the spring and fall of 1931 and the fall of 1932, and by early 1933 thousands of banks had closed their doors. In the face of this dire situation, Hoover’s administration tried supporting failing banks and other institutions with government loans; the idea was that the banks in turn would loan to businesses, which would be able to hire back their employees.

FDR Addresses the Great Depression with the New Deal
Hoover, a Republican who had formerly served as U.S. secretary of commerce, believed that government should not directly intervene in the economy, and that it did not have the responsibility to create jobs or provide economic relief for its citizens. In 1932, however, with the country mired in the depths of the Great Depression and some 13-15 million people (or more than 20 percent of the U.S. population at the time) unemployed, Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt won an overwhelming victory in the presidential election. By Inauguration Day (March 4, 1933), every U.S. state had ordered all remaining banks to close at the end of the fourth wave of banking panics, and the U.S. Treasury didn’t have enough cash to pay all government workers. Nonetheless, FDR (as he was known) projected a calm energy and optimism, famously declaring that “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.”

Roosevelt took immediate action to address the country’s economic woes, first announcing a four-day “bank holiday” during which all banks would close so that Congress could pass reform legislation and reopen those banks determined to be sound. He also began addressing the public directly over the radio in a series of talks, and these so-called “fireside chats” went a long way towards restoring public confidence. During Roosevelt’s first 100 days in office, his administration passed legislation that aimed to stabilize industrial and agricultural production, create jobs and stimulate recovery. In addition, Roosevelt sought to reform the financial system, creating the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to protect depositors’ accounts and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to regulate the stock market and prevent abuses of the kind that led to the 1929 crash.

The Great Depression: Hard Road to Recovery
Among the programs and institutions of the New Deal that aided in recovery from the Great Depression were the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), which built dams and hydroelectric projects to control flooding and provide electric power to the impoverished Tennessee Valley region of the South, and the Works Project Administration (WPA), a permanent jobs program that employed 8.5 million people from 1935 to 1943. After showing early signs of recovery beginning in the spring of 1933, the economy continued to improve throughout the next three years, during which real GDP (adjusted for inflation) grew at an average rate of 9 percent per year.
When the Great Depression began, the United States was the only industrialized country in the world without some form of unemployment insurance or social security. In 1935, Congress passed the Social Security Act, which for the first time provided Americans with unemployment, disability and pensions for old age.

US off Gold Standard – 5 June 1933
On June 5, 1933, the United States went off the gold standard, a monetary system in which currency is backed by gold, when Congress enacted a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold. The United States had been on a gold standard since 1879, except for an embargo on gold exports during
World War I, but bank failures during the Great Depression of the 1930s frightened the public into hoarding gold, making the policy untenable.

Soon after taking office in March 1933, Roosevelt declared a nationwide bank moratorium in order to prevent a run on the banks by consumers lacking confidence in the economy. He also forbade banks to pay out gold or to export it. According to Keynesian economic theory, one of the best ways to fight off an economic downturn is to inflate the money supply. And increasing the amount of gold held by the Federal Reserve would in turn increase its power to inflate the money supply. Facing similar pressures, Britain had dropped the gold standard in 1931, and Roosevelt had taken note.

On April 5, 1933, Roosevelt ordered all gold coins and gold certificates in denominations of more than $100 be turned in for other money. It required all persons to deliver all gold coin, gold bullion and gold certificates owned by them to the Federal Reserve by May 1 for the set price of $20.67 per ounce. By May 10, the government had taken in $300 million of gold coin and $470 million of gold certificates. Two months later, a joint resolution of Congress abrogated the gold clauses in many public and private obligations that required the debtor to repay the creditor in gold dollars of the same weight and fineness as those borrowed. In 1934, the government price of gold was increased to $35 per ounce, effectively increasing the gold on the Federal Reserve’s balance sheets by 69 percent. This increase in assets allowed the Federal Reserve to further inflate the money supply.

The government held the $35 per ounce price until August 15, 1971, when President Richard Nixon announced that the United States would no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, thus completely abandoning the gold standard. In 1974, President Gerald Ford signed legislation that permitted Americans again to own gold bullion.

My historical investigations continued, as it appeared that the Gold Standard was also very pertinent in terms of fundamental economic decisions made during this time. I wanted to see when Uranus squared Pluto in the 1800’s and test the hypothesis that this cycle was tied into monetary/currency fundamentals.
In astrological terms, Uranus squared Pluto (using a 1 degree orb) between Dec 1819 and Oct 1821 (England re-coinage programme) and again between Oct 1876 and July 1878 (US on Gold Standard from 1879).

The crisis of silver currency and bank notes (1750–1870)
In the late 18th century, wars and trade with China, which sold to Europe but had little use for European goods, drained silver from the economies of Western Europe and the United States. Coins were struck in smaller and smaller numbers, and there was a proliferation of bank and stock notes used as money.

In the 1790s, England, suffering a massive shortage of silver coinage, ceased to mint larger silver coins and issued “token” silver coins and overstruck foreign coins. With the end of the Napoleonic Wars, England began a massive re-coinage programme that created standard gold sovereigns and circulating crowns and half-crowns, and eventually copper farthings in 1821. The re-coinage of silver in England after a long drought produced a burst of coins: England struck nearly 40 million shillings between 1816 and 1820, 17 million half crowns and 1.3 million silver crowns. The 1819 Act for the Resumption of Cash Payments set 1823 as the date for resumption of convertibility, reached instead by 1821.

Summary thoughts

So what is important about this time when Uranus squares Pluto? What makes this a globally important time is that this cycle comes around infrequently as both of these planets are slow moving. Uranus takes about 84 earth years to complete a cycle. Pluto moves more slowly taking about 248 years to complete a full cycle in earth years.
I am looking at a time line from the 1800’s. In astrological terms, Uranus squared Pluto (using a 1 degree orb) between Dec 1819 and Oct 1821; between Oct 1876 and July 1878 and then again between June 1931 and Feb 1934. These two planets square each other again from June 2012 to April 2015. The global economic concerns are not yet over. We should expect more upheavals socially and economically.

Uranus is a planet that signifies revolution and change through invention. Uranus creates unexpected chaos and disruption. From the chaos comes innovation. Pluto on the other hand is the eliminator or destroyer. For new opportunities to emerge, the old ways must be eliminated. As one can see these two planets create a powerful, destructive force for change in society at large.

So what are the lessons? And what can we expect? Looking back in history, it was a time of fundamental economic change. Firstly in the 1820’s with England embarking on a massive re-coinage programme; then in 1879 with the US moving onto the Gold Standard; and then in 1931 Britain moved off the Gold Standard followed by the US in 1933.

So it seems that this concept of linking currency and gold needs to be revisited. Is it appropriate? Is it relevant in current times? Is there a way this policy could be re-invented to suit the current economic circumstances now and into the future?

The years of the Great Depression were significant with massive financial losses and mass unemployment as economies and stock markets crashed and consumers lost confidence.

What are the economic lessons from this scenario? The problems have arisen from global over-consumption. Many households and countries are living beyond their means. Far too many people and countries have massive debt. Are there any lessons? Never invest with borrowed/loaned money that demands interest payments. Invest with spare cash. Otherwise investment is too risky. Gain is speculative and relies on a market with constant positive growth.

The economic recession in 2008/2009/2010 and lack of confidence in the global financial system all boiled down to reckless lending. This kind of lending is not sustainable. The bubble must burst and it did. Households and governments/countries are going to have to embark on a programme to rebuild their balance sheets to reduce debt and this is likely to take time.

The big question is how will global leaders manage the current global economic crisis? The US was the only industrialised nation post the Great Depression that did not have any form of social security. This was implemented in 1935. The current problems in Europe/UK and US have a lot to do with social benefits and budgetary restrictions. The governments of the day are hard pressed to provide all the services that they would like to all members of the population within the current fiscus. Most of the developed nations have debt that is sky high and this scenario is not sustainable. It once again speaks about economic fundamentals. The US debt ceiling crisis highlights this problem and it has been hard for politicians to agree a way forward for the US.

In summary the themes relate to the rise and fall of the Gold Standard, banking and stock market fundamentals and social security and social benefits. The world must once again make radical changes to our economic fundamentals. It is a time of change and we should embrace the changes that lie ahead. Outdated systems that have failed must go and new systems should be implemented to deal with the current political, social and economic situation.

Critical moments in recent history of the ANC leadership

The ANC leadership finds itself at a crossroads. Currently Pluto is conjunct the Sun, implying that the organisation will implode if the current leadership is not purged. Fundamental change in required for the organisation to survive and remain relevant in South Africa. They faced a similar position in 1978 and 1979.

Between February and December 1992 – Uranus was conjunct the Sun in the chart of the ANC. This refers to a radical change in direction and leadership of the ANC, bringing with it new leadership and new insights.

During this time Nelson Mandela was elected leader of the ANC at the national congress. Prior to this on 11 February 1990, he was released after spending 27 years in prison.

Between February 1978 and July 1979, Pluto squared the Sun in the chart of the ANC chart. This was a time of profound change in direction for the ANC. Once again the leadership of the ANC was under enormous pressure to make significant changes to the direction of the organisation.

This was a turning point in the strategic direction of the ANC. Armed activity outside South Africa was not translating into an organised political base inside South Africa. In October 1978 a small delegation, led by ANC President Oliver Tambo, went to Vietnam to learn lessons that could be applied to the struggle in South Africa. Mac Maharaj and Jo Slovo were key players in this debate. Post this visit there was a sense that a national democratic revolution required the broadest mobilisation of the masses, encompassing all classes and strata of the oppressed, if this mission were to succeed. In this way the ANC could achieve its goal of power for the people in South Africa.